A metal wire which is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.
Bands are a ring of metal, which fit around the molars and sometimes premolars. The bands are selected from a range of sizes in order to find the tightest fitting band. The bands are sealed in position using dental cement that contains fluoride to prevent any decalcification during treatment.
Brackets are the small metal or ceramic modules attached to each tooth. They serve as guides to move the teeth and hold the archwire in place.
A small metal part that is welded on the outside of a molar band. The molar band contains slots to hold archwires, lip bumpers, facebows and other things your orthodontist uses to move your teeth.
Elastics or rubber bands for braces help move the upper and lower teeth relative to each other, ultimately achieving a better bite. The orthodontic rubber bands are typically effective for correcting overbites, underbites, or other types of alignments of the jaw. They are also useful for moving a tooth out of alignment or to close a space in the mouth.
Fixed retainers consist of a metal wire bonded to the back of the teeth. Fixed retainers can stay in place indefinitely.
The Herbst appliance is used to correct overbites due to lack of development of the lower jaw. It is cemented in place which eliminates cooperation. Simple braces cannot achieve this correction.
The appliance can be adjusted by the orthodontist to create the ideal position of the lower jaw to the upper teeth.
A device that is used to protect your mouth from injury when you are participating in sports. The use of a mouthguard is especially important for orthodontic patients, to prevent injuries. Remember not to boil your mouthguard while in treatment. This can restrict the amount of movement your teeth can do or the mouthguard may only fit for a short amount of time due to the teeth moving.
A palatal expander, or orthodontic expander, is used to widen the upper jaw so that the bottom and upper teeth will fit together better.
A gadget that the orthodontist gives you to wear after your braces are removed. The retainer attaches to your upper and / or lower teeth and holds them in the correct position while your jaw hardens and your teeth get strongly attached to your jaw. At first, you wear the retainer 24 hours a day, and then only at night.
Separators are tiny rubber bands or springs that your orthodontist places between your back teeth. These separators prepare your mouth for braces by creating a small gap between these teeth. This space allows for the placement of a metal band around your molar, which anchors your braces in your mouth.
The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.
The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.
An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly within the jaws.
A meeting with your orthodontist where your treatment plan is discussed.
The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.
Emergencies do not occur very often, but if they do, our team will respond quickly. An emergency only happens when someone is involved in an accident with their braces that has caused trauma to the tooth or tissue or if there is a noticeable amount of swelling of the lips or tongue.
Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.
The first step in making a model of your teeth. A container filled with a rubber-type material is placed into the mouth around your teeth. The material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.
Orthodontic treatment that is usually done between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive or early orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.
Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.
Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).
An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.
Pictures taken upon the completion of treatment show the amazing changes that orthodontics have achieved in both growth and development of the teeth, jaws and aesthetics of the smile. The orthodontist uses the pictures throughout treatment to monitor changes.
These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.
An X-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws, and other important information.
Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.
A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed. Wax works best when the irritating area is dried well first and then, embedded totally within the pea-sized or grape-sized ball of wax.
Once the active orthodontic appliances are removed, the patient will receive retainers to stabilize the dental correction. Because the bone and soft tissues surrounding the teeth are stabilizing for several months after braces are removed, it is imperative that the retainers are worn as instructed. Failure to wear the retainers may result in undesirable movement of the teeth, which could necessitate re-treatment.
Because teeth can continue to move throughout life, we feel that individuals who have undergone orthodontic therapy should wear retainers indefinitely. A patient should wear retainers as prescribed by our practice.
Retainers are made of a thermoplastic material that is sensitive to excessive heat, so they should be kept away from heaters, dishwashers, car dashboards or any place where the temperatures exceed 115 degrees(F). The retainers should be cleaned before and after placement in the mouth. Because the material used for fabrication is slightly porous, plaque tends to cling to the surfaces. Gentle scrubbing with a toothbrush and a mild liquid soap will remove the plaque. A denture cleaning solution, such as Efferdent, will aid in the removal of plaque and tartar. Be sure to rinse the retainers thoroughly after cleaning to remove any cleanser residue.
Our goal is to help your smile stay beautiful and healthy for a lifetime. Your cooperation is essential in order to achieve this goal.
Even though you are careful, you may occasionally damage your appliances. We want our patients to be informed of problems that may occur, and understand how to solve them, at least temporarily, until it is possible to return to our office.
While a tight band or bracket actually protects a tooth from decay, a loose band or bracket can cause decay to occur under it very rapidly. If a band or bracket comes loose from the tooth, call our office to schedule an appointment. If the band or bracket is still attached to a wire, leave it in place and apply wax if there is discomfort until you can be seen by our office. If the band or bracket comes completely out, place it in an envelope and bring it with you to your next appointment.
If a main archwire breaks (the one that goes all the way around the outside of your braces), call our office for an appointment.
Try to place the wire back in the tube. Place wax over it if there is any discomfort and call for an appointment.
Sometimes a poking wire can be safely turned down so that it no longer causes you discomfort. Try to tuck the wire back in and out of the way with the blunt end of a toothbrush, or some other smooth object. If you are unable to take care of a poking wire, apply wax and call our office for an appointment.
This is not a real emergency, but please notify an assistant at your next appointment.
Soreness during treatment is to be expected. Warm salt-water rinses and Advil are helpful in relieving soreness.
Contact our office immediately, or contact your general dentist.
Please remember: If you are participating in contact sports, a regular mouth guard should be worn over your braces for added protection.
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At Burch Orthodontics, we always enjoy meeting new patients during their first office visit. Many prospective patients wonder what to expect during their first visit.READ MORE